The Virtues and Importance of the First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah


What do the scholars and experts of shari’ah say regarding the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah?


The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah hold a significant place in Islam and are considered among the most blessed days of the Islamic calendar. These days offer Muslims unique opportunities to seek Allah’s ﷻ mercy, forgiveness, and countless blessings. Here are some key points highlighting the virtues and importance of these days:

Divine Swearing by the Days: In Surah Al-Fajr, Allah ﷻ swears by the ten nights, which many scholars interpret as the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah: “By the dawn, And [by] ten holy nights.” (Quran 89:1-2)

This divine oath signifies the immense importance and sacredness of these days.

Best Days for Good Deeds: Prophet Muhammad ﷺ emphasized the unparalleled merit of performing good deeds during these days: “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days.” (Sahih Bukhari)

Acts of worship, charity, and piety are greatly rewarded during this period, encouraging Muslims to increase their devotion.

Day of Arafah: The 9th day of Dhul-Hijjah, known as the Day of Arafah, holds special significance. It is the day when pilgrims gather on the plain of Arafat, a key ritual of Hajj. For non-pilgrims, fasting on this day is highly recommended and carries immense rewards: “Fasting on the Day of Arafah expiates the sins of the previous year and the coming year.” (Sahih Muslim)

Eid al-Adha: The 10th day of Dhul-Hijjah marks Eid al-Adha, the Eid of Sacrifice, commemorating the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice his son in obedience to Allah ﷻ. It is a day of joy, gratitude, and generosity, celebrated with communal prayers, feasts, and the ritual sacrifice of animals.

Increased Acts of Worship: Muslims are encouraged to engage in various acts of worship during these ten days, including:

  • Prayer: Performing additional voluntary prayers (Nafl).
  • Fasting: Observing fasts, especially on the Day of Arafah.
  • Dhikr (Remembrance of Allah): Reciting Takbeer (Allahu Akbar), Tahleel (La ilaha illallah), and Tahmeed (Alhamdulillah).
  • Charity and Good Deeds: Helping the needy, being kind, and engaging in any form of good deed.
  • Connection to Hajj

These days are intrinsically linked to Hajj, one of the five pillars of Islam. The rites of Hajj performed during these days symbolize the unity of Muslims and their submission to Allah ﷻ. Even those who are not performing Hajj are encouraged to spiritually connect with the pilgrimage through increased worship and reflection.

Opportunity for Repentance and Renewal

The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are a time for Muslims to repent for past sins, seek forgiveness, and renew their commitment to following the path of righteousness. This period is an opportunity to start anew with a clean slate.

The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are a precious time for Muslims around the world. These days are filled with opportunities for spiritual growth, increased worship, and abundant blessings. By maximizing our efforts in good deeds, prayers, fasting, and charity during this period, we draw closer to Allah and earn His pleasure. May Allah ﷻ enable us to make the most of these blessed days and accept our acts of worship. Ameen.

This fatwa is written by Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Munir Al-Azhari


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